Hamirpur district, a part of the Himachal Pradesh state with its administrative headquarters located at Hamirpur town. It is also popularly known as Martyr's Land i.e. Veer Bhumi in Hindi. The reason behind the name Martyr's Land is that most of the natives of the place are generally employees in Army. Moreover, they made a good reputation as brave and professional soldiers, they are also well known for their hardiness characteristic of hill people. Earlier, it was a part of the Kangra district but later it was carved from the Kangra district in 1972. The Katoch dynasty ruled the place for a long period of time. At that time it was a significant part of the old Jalandhar-Trigarta Empire. Panin, the people belonged to this kingdom were well known as great warriors and fighters. The Katoch dynasty captured the place during the reign of Raja Hamir Chand from 1700 to 1740. The fort of Hamirpur is an ancient notable monument, constructed by Raja Hamir Chand and the current name of the place is derived from the name of this ruler. Hamirpur was emerged as a separate district on the map of Himachal Pradesh state in the year 1976.
Geographically, the district lies at 31°69'N latitude, 76°52'E longitude and 738 m Altiitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 31.85% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 1,118 sq kms and it is bounded by the districts of Jalaun (Orai), Kanpur and Fatehpur on the north, Banda on the east, Mahoba on the south and districts of Jhansi and Jalaun on the west. The climate of the district is characterised by an extremely hot summer and a pleasant cold winter. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 1368.7 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 4 sub-divisions namely Hamirpur, Barsar, Nadaun and Bhoranj. Moreover, it comprises 7 sub-districts, 4 towns and 1,725 villages. The administrative language in the district is Hindi.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 4,54,768 out of which 2,17,070 are males and 2,37,698 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 1095 (females for every 1000 males). During the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 10.19% including 10.42% were males and 9.99% were females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Hindu with 98.82% of the total population. As per 2011 census the principal language in the district is Hindi with 98.31%. The population density in the district is 407 persons per sq. km. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 6,167 out of which 3,228 were males and 2,938 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 3,367 out of which 1,980 were males and 1,386 were females.
Agriculture is the backbone of the economy of the district. Most of the lands in the district are use for agricultural purposes. More than half of its population are engaged in agriculture in order to earn their livelihood. The adoption of the new agricultural technologies amongst the famers of the district helps to increase the production of various agricultural items. Every year a huge chunk of revenue comes from the agricultural products in the district helps in its economy to a great extent. But the district is scantily industrialised since it has only a few agro-based industries. In the year 2015-2016 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 5,49,515 lakh at current price in the year 2011-2012. In the year 2015-16 the net domestic product in the district was Rs. 4,83,972 lakh at current price in the year 2011-2012. In the year 2015-2016 the Per Capita Income was in Rs. 1,02,217 at Current Price in the year 2011-2012.
The district is well known as an abode of several reputed educational institutions. It provides a platform for higher education. National Institute of Technology, located at Hamirpur is one of the most recognised educational institutions in the district. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 88.15% out of which 94.36% are males and 82.62% are females. The district has a literates of 3,58,091 including 1,80,555 are males and 1,77,536 are females.
Prem Kumar Dhumal, a veteran Indian politician who served as the 10th and 12th chief minister of Himachal Pradesh was born on 10th April, 1944 at Samirpur in the Hamirpur district. He is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party. Anurag Singh Thakur, a renowned Indian politician and a member of the 14th, 15th and 16th Loksabha from the Hamirpur Lok Sabha constituency in Himachal Pradesh was born on 24th October, 1974 at Hamirpur town. He is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party.
The district has several centres of attraction which allures many travellers from different parts of the country as well as world. Sujanpur Tira, constructed by Raja Abhay Chand of the ruling Katoch dynasty of Kangra in 1748 A.D is located in the Hamirpur district. It has a tomb of Nawab Gulam Mohammed of Rampur and five other old temples, situated at Tira and Sujanpur. Nadaun, a place located in the district is used to be the headquarters of the Nadaun Jagir during the period of Princely states. Maharaja Sansar Chand of Kangra generally holds his court in this place during the summers. Bilkleshwar Mahadev temple is the identity of this place. Markanda, located 6 km. away from Dera parol on the bank of Kunah is the place of great saint, Markandya Rishi. There is also natural water spring in the place. Some other notable places of interest in the district are Deotsidh Temple, Bhota and many more.